Amalgam ban demanded in Germany

arie_ at hotmail.com arie_ at hotmail.com
Mon Sep 27 12:58:21 EST 1999

On Mon, 27 Sep 1999 13:03:23 GMT, Brian Sandle
<bsandle at southern.co.nz> wrote:

>In sci.med.dentistry arie_ at hotmail.com wrote:
>: The following Press Release From Germany has been translated by Mats
>: Hanson, Ph.D. of Sweden. 
>: arie
>: BUND, Friends of the earth. The Association of Environment and
>: Environmental Protection, Germany. Dunanstrasse 16, D-79110 Freiburg 
>: Freiburg/Bonn, 28 January 1997 
>: Since it has already been demonstrated that the mercury in the saliva
>: is dissolved but not particulate, one has to calculate with a much
>: higher absorption and mercury load than previously supposed. Of
>: importance is that in the 20-39 year old group (including women in the
>: fertile ages)
>Women can be fertile outside those ages.
> the tolerable levels were especially often exceeded.
>: This can be explained by the fact that the number of fillings in this
>: group is especially high with 9-11 fillings, compared to a mean of 8
>: in the general German population.
>So 8 fillings are safe.

Who said this? And even if, then only on average. The interpersonal
variability is very large, so I wouldn't say even 1 is safe.

>: than with any other available method. Hg can be present in both the
>: oral cavity and the gastrointestinal tract without being detectable In
>: blood or urine. It is clear that blood and urine do not reflect the
>: Hg-concentration in the oral cavity/upper airways and in the
>: gastrointestinal tract.
>From that some conclusions might be hypothesised.
>a. that the mercury is not absorbed from either and or airways and 
>gastrointestinal tract.

Can you explain the reasoning behind this conclusion? I think it's
wrong, the mercury can be deposited in the organs before you measure.
You also will have to take account for the bilary excretion of mercury
in the feces.

>b. that mercury does not stay long in the blood but gets irreversibly 
>stored in the body. That could be found from autopsies.

It is.

>c. that mercury is excreted via the intestinal tract through the bile or 
>other pathway.


>: Part 2. Measured levels In saliva and disease symptoms.
>: Every saliva test was accompanied by a questionnaire In which the
>: persons were asked for 30 symptoms. The analytical group at Tubingen
>: university evaluated 17500 completely answered questionnaires. The
>: question was whether there was a significant relation between report
>: of a symptom and the measured level of Hg in the saliva after chewing.
>: It has to be stressed that the established relation has a direct 
>: mathematical and statistical character and should not be casually
>should spell `causally.'

I didn't write it :)

>: interpreted. A statistically significant difference does not
>: automatically mean a medical or biological relevance. Not even multi
>: variance analysis can decide which relations are caused by chance and
>: which by a casual relation. 
> should be `causal.'
>: Relation between symptoms and mercury concentrations in saliva after
>: chewing.
>: The Tubingen amalgam study could establish in the especially examined
>: group of 21-40 year old persons a statistically significant relation
>: between mercury levels in saliva and symptoms. Only symptoms which are
>: characteristic of subacute or chronic mercury exposure in the
>: low-level range were studied. 
>: The set of symptoms are often called micromercurialism in the
>: literature, 
>: There was a significant relation between the measured mercury
>: concentration and the following symptoms: 
>: Mouth-oral cavity: Bleeding gingiva, metal taste, burning tongue. 
>: Central nervous system: Concentration difficulties, impaired memory,
>: sleep disturbances, lack of initiative, nervousness. 
>: Gastrointestinal tract: not specified; further research is needed to 
>: establish the diseases which are covered by the non- specific label 
>: gastrointestinal problems. 
>For a start, with a very large sample, as in this study, significance can 
>be claimed for only a tiny increase in symptoms.

Why is that?

>That significance could then have other explanations.
>That is that people with the symptoms of:
>: Mouth-oral cavity: Bleeding gingiva, metal taste, burning tongue. 
>: Central nervous system: Concentration difficulties, impaired memory,
>: sleep disturbances, lack of initiative, nervousness. 
>are likely to be clenching and grinding the teeth more, 

or chewing gum

>therefore increasing 
>the mercury in the saliva. If your correlation were any other than very low
>I am sure you would be reporting it rather than leaving it to the 

There was no mention of 'very low', only of 'significant'.
I'm not reporting anything, just copied the text.

>: Plausibility and explainability of the demonstrated symptoms.
>: In addition to high levels of mercury in saliva there has also been 
>: demonstrated high levels In gingiva, pulp, oral mucosa, dentine, roots
>: and jaw bone. Amalgam fillings, as described in the literature, lead
>: to increased inflammation of the gingiva.
>For some people, but so do crowns and composites, probably worse.
>My gum between the teeth bleed much less since I have had the composites 
>replaced with amalgam. I admit that some of that could be because 
>composite is hard to fashion to stop intrusion of food between the teeth.
> In addition the oral cavity
>: will be affected by the Hg-vapor released by the fillings. Experiments
>: with cell cultures demonstrated that the Hg-levels measured in the
>: oral tissues (up to 8000 ng/g in the mucosa)
>What form of Hg? Also in vivo the blood constantly brings in good new 
>nutrietns, if in the diet - selenium &c.

In that amounts?

> can lead to damage to
>: human cells. It has also been described that unpolished amalgam
>: fillings can damage nearby cells more than polished ones. 
>The abrasion would not help. But please take some care with the polishing 
> :  
>: Also for the gastrointestinal tract it has been demonstrated that
>: there are high levels of mercury in the intestinal wall, intestinal
>: lymph nodes and in feces. The cause of this is that the mercury which
>: is swallowed with the saliva is only absorbed to 10% and the rest
>: remains in the gastrointestinal tract. 
>Or comes from the bile.
>Obviously this Tubingen lot is not serious or they would have taken into 
>account the study which I have cited a couple of times from the `Science 
>of the Total Environment.'

Please remind me what study that was?
>: For both these body parts it has been established that blood and urine
>: levels are unsuitable to evaluate the mercury load. The symptoms from
>: the central nervous system show a remarkable similarity with the
>: classical mercury symptoms described in the literature. For instance,
>: effects of mercury on memory and concentration has been repeatedly
>: described in the literature. 
>It is needed to look at the level of vitamin D absorbtion, from UV or fish.
>Lack of vit D could be causing poor calcium metabolism, more fillings, 
>neurological symptoms - multiple sclerosis, as well as more tooth 
>grinding and more mercury in the saliva.
> :  
>: The Tubingen group for environmental analysis stress that some aspects
>: of the study require further examination. For instance, the
>: relationships between mercury exposure to metal allergy, or loss of
>: hair, or the relationship to involuntary infertility. In each of these
>: considerations, tendencies were noted, however, extensive and
>: expensive further questionnaires are required. It should be stressed
>: that the results are statistical and do not establish a causal
>(correct spelling for a change)


>: relation for single cases for any symptom. 
>: After the statistical relations found in the study, persons who
>: complain over problems with amalgam must not further be dismissed a
>: "Ecochondriacs" or "Hypochondriacs," and furthermore a possible
>: Hg-load must be take into account in the anamnesis, especially when
>: the patients exhibit the described symptomatology. 
>They should be also checked for vitamin D metabolism, and stress - jaw 
> :  
>: Amalgam is with certainty not the material for the future, the
>: Tubingen group stress, however they also warn for exaggerated panic
>: reactions.
>For a start give us the level of correlation.

I would if I had.

>Just by what per centage were the symptoms increased?

Who's talking about 'increase'???

> As in medicine In general, In every single case one must
>: together with the treating doctor evaluate whether an amalgam removal
>: is necessary and if yes, how rapidly a removal should take place. 
>: The relations found, which as stated above, should not be causally 

Hey! This was right again :)

>: interpreted, however clearly prove that humans will be exposed to a 
>: continuous load of mercury from amalgam fillings. The filling material
>: amalgam is thus suspected of being able to cause damage to health, 
>: This should be sufficient for health policy measures and at last start
>: to end the amalgam era. 
>False conclusion.
>If the alternatives lead to more abscesses then that may be a worse risk.

Does it? (composites)

>: under the name SALIVAGAM a dental metal test. This can be mediated by
>: all pharmacies.
>Sales ploy.
> In addition to mercury levels in saliva all other
>: dental metal are analyzed. Further information in all pharmacies and
>: from BUND-Umweltlabor, Tel: 0781/9383-21, Fox-11 
>: For answers to scientific matters please contact Dr E Roller, Dr. HD
>: Wolss, KH Maier, AK Umweltanalytik, Univ. of Tubingen, Postfach
>: 210352, D-72026 Tubingen, tel 07071/2984802. Interested journalists
>: can obtain detailed information from BUND, Dunanstrasse 16. D-79110
>: Freiburg, Tel: 0761/885955-0, Fax-90 

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