slawiecd at usctoux1.cto.us.edu.pl
slawiecd at usctoux1.cto.us.edu.pl
Wed Aug 10 12:45:20 EST 1994
We would like to present you findings of our researches , conducted at the
Teaching Hospital at Bytom/ Poland in the years 1993/94.
If you wish to consult us, please direct your enquiry directly to our
We included the following files :
1. Scientific paper
2. Call for Papers ( Conference on Psychosomatics May '95, Katowice/ Poland )
MORTALITY RATES, CAUSED BY MYOCARDIAL INFARCT AND CANCERS
AMONG PEOPLE, BORN UNDER DIFFERENT ZODIAC SIGNS
Brodziak A., Kaszuba D., Romanowski W., Ry M.
5th Department of Internal Diseases of Silesian School of Medicine
ul. ½eromskiego 7, Bytom, Poland
We present rates of mortality, caused by myocardial infarcts
and cancers among people dead during the calendar year 1993 in
Voivide of Katowice, born under different zodiac signs. Data were
obtained from "Death Certificates", transferd to Voivode Center
of Medical Data (Katowice, ul. Powstaäc¢w 15, Poland), and
computerized there, since January 1993. Fig. 1 reports the Polish
form of "Death Certificate".
The discussion about type A of behavior, prone to coronary
heart disease (C.H.D.) (1-6) and typ C predisposing to
development of cancers (7-12) is continued in behavioral medicine
literature. Recently the system Enneagram (13) clasifing
personality to 9 different types is discused vividly (14). This
system, from one side, discern personality types similar to
behavior types A (PERFORMER) and C (GIVER), but from other side,
similar to known characteristics of persons born under different
zodiac signs. One of us published considerations on this topic
We assumed that trials of the formulation of personality
types, according to so called zodiac signs undertaken since
centures constituted the pre-Freud'ian period of the development
of the theory of personality (16).
Of cause we understand the notion of zodiac signs as
Hipparch, who already in the year 125 B.C. divided the ecliptic
into 12 equal parts. Zodiac signs in this way denotes, in facts,
monthly periods of a callendar year only; and their names by
astral constellations are customary and historical.
We found significant differences in mortality rates caused
by myocardial infarct and cancers among persons born under the
same particular, different zodiac signs and dead befor their 60
year of life.
This finding is probably one of first objective arguments
that, after all, the relation between zodiac signs and a kind of
personality, which infuences death circumstances, thus an aspect
of human destiny really exists.
Our methodological approach should be clarifid. Mortality
rates were calculated on data concerning 37644 persons. New-born
(death during the first year of life) were not taken into
Result were listed on different diagrams and many
statistical tests were performed. On the fig. 2 we trial to
present mortality rates expressed as the proportion (percentage)
of people born under different zodiac signs, but dead befor their
60-ty by two different primary causes of death. These percentages
can be compared on the fig. 2 with the total mortality rates,
which are rather similar. The mean time of life (68.0) of people
born in different year periods is similar and calculated extreme
differences (67.5 for Taurus and 69.4 for Sagittarius) are not
The fig. 2 demonstrates that the probability (freqnency) of
death by reason of myocardial infarct in relation to cancers is
higher among people born under Taurus, Gemini, Cancer und
Poeple born under Virgo, Libra, Sagittarius, Aquarius die
more often by reason of cancers. These different proportions,
verified by c2 test are significant for groups of people born
under Taurus and Aquarius (c2=5.44) and Scorpio and Aquarius
(c2=5.22). The c2 value is high for many other comparaisons also,
however dont exceed the limit for p=0.05. The fig. 3 presents our
data in different way. Here bars illustrates the percentage of
people, dead "by reason of infarct" in relation to all other
possible primary causes of death.
A periodic year regularity of these rates seems to become
noticeable (see black bars in the fig. 2). The rate mortality by
reason of infarct for people born (conceived!!) in subsequent
zodiacal monthes increases (Ram, Taurus, Gemini), then decreases
(Cancer, Leo, Virgo, Libra) and afterwards again increases
(Sagittarius, Capricorn, Pisces and again Ram). The data for
Scorpio sign disturbs this regularity.
We formulated a hypothesis, which facilitates the discussion
of these results. Our hypothesis assumes that some inborn
characterological features (personality type) of a new-born
persons are induces by the pattern of day-light, perceived by a
pregnant woman. There are many experimental findings supporting
this hypothesis. Perceived light, through visual pathways,
nucleus suprachiasmaticus and pineal gland determines circadian
rythm of secretion of melatonin (17,18). Pineal gland acting on
hypothalamus determines circadian changes of many hypophyseal
hormons and especially gonadotropins (18,19,20).
It is also found already that the photoperiod perceived by
females influences many foetal functions (21,22).
It is remarkable that female melatonin influences fetal gonadal
function (23,24,25,26). The influence of gonadal hormones on the
development of embrional and fetal brain is also proved.
Thus, it could be concluded that biological rationale exists
for the thesis that the calendar period of pregnancy can be
related to some inborn personality caracteristics. From other
side researchers interested in clinical psychology and behavioral
medicine try to relate some behavioral types to diseases, which
cause more frequently early death. Therefore it seems to us that
scrupulous analysis of mortality rates performed on big files of
data, gathered in different countries, especially on southern
hemisphere could clarified many quesions concerning relation of
month of conception to some aspects of lifestyle and behavioral
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nary disease - Detection of overt behaviour pattern A in pa-
tients with coronary disease by a new psycho-physiological
J. Amer. Med. Ass., 1960, 173, 1320-1324.
2. Friedman M., Rosenman R.H.: Type A behaviour pattern. Its
association with coronary heart disease. Annales of Clin.
Res., 1971, 3, 300-306.
3. Friedman M.: Alteration of type A behaviour and reduction in
cardiac recurrences in post myocardial infarction patients.
Amer. Hearth J., 1984, 108, 237-239.
4. Wright L.: The type A behaviour pattern and coronary artery
disease. American Psychologist, 1988, 1, 2-14.
5. Price V.A.: Type A behaviour pattern. A model for research
and practice. Academic Pres, New York, 1982.
6. Ruberman W., Weinblatt E., Goldberg J.D., Chaudhary B.S.:
Psychosocial influences on mortality after myocardial infar-
ction. N. Engl. J. Med., 1984, 311, 552-559.
7. Bahnson C.B.: Stress and cancer: the state of the art.
Psychosomatics, 1980, 21,975-978.
8. Jenkins D.: Social environment and cancer mortality in men.
N. Engl. J. Med., 1984, 48, 395-398.
9. Temoskok L.: Personality, coping style, emotion and cancer.
Towards an intergrative model. Cancer Surveys, 1987, 6, 545-
10. Hahn R.C., Petitti D.B.: Minnesota Multiphasic Personality
Inventory rated depression and the incidence of breast can-
cer. Cancer, 1988, 61, 845-848.
11. Baltrush H.J.F., Santagostino P.: The type C behaviour pat-
tern - new concept. International J. Psychophysiology, 1989,
12. Baltrush H.J.F., Strangel W., Titze J.: Stress, cancer and
immunity. Acta Neurologica, 1991, 13, 315-327.
13. Palmer H.: The Enneagram. The definitive guide to the ancient
system for understanding yourself and the others in your li-
fe. Harper & Row Publishers, San Francisco - New York, 1988.
14. Wagner J.: Call for paper form for "First International En-
neagram Conference" - which will be heald on the Stanford
University Campus, August 5-7, 1994 (P.O.Box 728, San Carles,
15. Brodziak A.: Alchemia Twoich Marzeä. Wydawca: Zakad Poligra-
ficzny, Bytom (ul. Wolnoci (Pisudskiego) 37), 1992.
16. Pellegrini R.J.: Birthadate psychology: a new look at some
old data. J. Psychol., 1975, 89, 261-265.
17. Tamarkin L., Baird C.J., Almeida O.F.: Melatonin a coordina-
ting signal for mamalian reproduction? Science, 1985, 227,
18. Fleming A.S., Scardicchio D.S.: Photoperiodic and pineal ef-
fects on food intake, food retrieved and weight in femal Sy-
rian hamsters. J. Biol. Rhythms, 1986, 1, 285-301.
19. Martinet L., Allain D.: Role of the pineal gland in the pho-
toperiodic control of reproductive and non-reproductive fun-
ctions in mink. Ciba Foundation Symposia, 1985, 117, 170-187.
20. Ortavant R., Bocquier F., Pelletier J., Ravault J.P., Thimo-
nier J., Volland Nail P.: Seasonality of reproduction in
sheep and its control by photoperiod. Australian J. of Biol.
Sci., 1988, 41, 69-85.
21. Weaver D.R., Reppert S.M.: Maternal melatonin communicates
daylength to the fetus in Djunfarian hamsters.
Endocrinology, 1986, 118, 2861-2863.
22. Elliott J.A., Goldman B.D.: Reception of photoperiodic infor-
mation by fetal Siberian hamsters: role of the mother's pi-
neal gland. J. Exp. Zol., 1989, 252, 237-244.
23. Jarrige J.F., Tlemcani O., Baucher D.: Gonadal function in
male offspring of pinealectomized female rates.
Acta Endocrinologica (Copenhagen), 1987, 116, 247-252.
24. Yellom S.M., Longe L.D.: Effect of maternal pinealectomy and
reverse photoperiod on the circadian melatonin rhythm in the
sheep and fetus during the last trimester od pregnancy.
Biol. Reprod., 1988, 39, 1093-1099.
25. Jarrige J.F., Laurichesse H., Boucher D.: Androgenic activity
in 15-day old male rats: role of the maternal pineal gland.
Biol. Reprod., 1992, 46, 386-391.
26. Weaver D.R., Keohon J.T., Reppert S.M.: Definition of a pre-
natal sensitive period for maternal - fetal communication of
day length. Am. J. Physiol., 1987, 253, E701-E704.
Address of the Organizing Committee:
V Katedra i Klinika Chor¢b Wewn©trznych
l¥skiej Akademii Medycznej
(English name can be used: 5th Department of Internal Diseases of Silesian University School of Medicine)
ul. ¾eromskiego 7, 41-902 B y t o m , POLAND
phone (direct line) (4832) 812122
or phone through hospital switch center (4832) 810231
The registration fee 50 $. should be paid after arrival. Because there are no problems with hotel rooms we recommend you make reservations for ourselves in one of Katowice hotels. We invite you to telephone " Warszawa Hotel"-tel.(4832) 587081-the most luxurious; or "Silesia Hotel"- tel.(4832) 596211; "Katowice Hotel"-tel. (4832) 588281; rather cheap "Olimpijski"-tel. (4832) 583201; cheep hotel also ,in the centre "Polonia"-tel. (4832) 514051; very cheep "Dom Turysta"-tel. (4832) 410928, near Silesian Pla
5th DEPARTMENT OF INTERNAL DISEASES OF SILESIAN UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF MEDICINE
POLISH SOCIETY OF PSYCHO-ONCOLOGY
PSYCHOSOMATIC SECTION OF POLISH SOCIETY OF PHYSICIANS
is organising on May 12-13, 1995 in Katowice a conference with workshops on subjects of:
# # #
Call for papers
# # #
Separate seminars on above mentioned subjects will be organised in the Physicians House in Katowice, Gra¾yäskiego Street, nr 49a on May 12-13 1995, from 10 a.m. till 7 p.m.
We call for papers which could be presented in 15 min. We prefer results of original clinical trials and presentations of new concepts synthetizing neurophysiology, psychology, philosophy, new cultural trends and medical practice. We will edit the proceedings of the conference.
We invite you to submit the participation and eventual paper for oral presentation or in the form of a poster. The registration letter should precise the name, the address, also affiliation, scientific degrees or its cultural equivalent (awards). The abstract of the paper should be send on normalised magnetic discette (3,5 or 5,25) in ASCII code. It should not exceed 2000 characters. Please send, the registration letter as soon as possible and not latter then February 28, 1995.
Initial telephone registration would be very useful for as. Please contact one of the following members of the Organizing Committee:
PSYCHO-IMMUNOLOGY - Dr R.Braczkowski
PSYCHO-ONCOLOGY - Dr M.Muc, J.Cisek
NEURO-CARDIOLOGY - Dr Z.Okoä
HOLISTIC MEDICINE - Prof. Dr A.Brodziak
REVIEW OF "OPTIMISM" MOVIES - Dr J.Knopik
MULTIMEDIA, VIRTUAL REALITY AND COMPUTER NETWORKS - Dr A.Danikiewicz, W. Romanowski
SPECIAL MEDICAL CULTURE REVIEW: "ODYSSEY 2000-5".
- Dr E.Zi¢ko, Dr E.Nowakowska
Also a separate workshop "COSMO-BIOLOGY" will be organised about:
1) "Mortality rates among people born under different zodiac signs."
2) "If the pattern of light (Zodiac Sign) assimilated by a pregnant women influences through pineal gland and gonadotropins the development of the fetus brain.
Organizing committee of this workshop:
Prof.A.Brodziak, Dr R.Braczkowski, Dr W.Romanowski, Dr D.Kaszuba,
Dr B. Zubelewicz.
A separate seminar HOLISTIC MEDICINE is conceived this time (for'95) as a trial to create the occasion for the meeting of people, who never meet together, who rather fight against each other. Therefore, we look for distinguished and competent experts, who would like to present lectures on following topics:
- The human system of inborn cognitive predilections and ideas
- The review of contemporain common existential philosophical options
- Transformation of theological concepts of last century
- Ecumenical and pan-ecumenical concepts and realisations
- The review of friendly culture production
- Literature critics and concept of positive thinking
- Psychical condition of contemporain journalists
- Pageantry and theatrically of culture and new nationalistic totalitarism
- World going towards hypermedia (computerised audio-video-terminals)
- The review of neo-gnostic concepts
- Nowdays trends of scientific-fiction
- The review of European neo-heathenic concepts
- Graphics, paintry music and incorporation of s-f and fantasy to our notion supply
- The style of a person (clothes, make-up, coiffure, bearing) and a personal theatre
- Verified procedure of treatment proposed in "New Age" time
The rationale for proposed program of the seminar "Holistic Medicine" arise from the assumption that psychotherapy should be supplied by change of behaviour, the new plan of activities, and the monitoring of actions stimulating interpersonal relations and inducing events which will modify interpretation of self-esteem and the image of the world.
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