Program/Registration Call on International Meeting of Bio-Diversity

fcgong at violet.ccit.arizona.edu fcgong at violet.ccit.arizona.edu
Tue Feb 8 17:55:22 EST 1994

Please bring this to the attention of any persons that you feel might be interested.  
Any questions should be directed to me (dgalbrai at ccit.arizona.edu).  Thanks!

David Galbraith
University of Arizona


               Program and Registration Announcement

                         BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY

                      An International Conference
                        March 25, 26, & 27, 1994
                             Tucson, Arizona

                           The University of
                             Tucson, Arizona

                           In Conjunction with
                 National Energy Law & Policy Institute
                   University of Tulsa College of Law

               Deadline for Pre-Registration March 1, 1994

Conference Director

Lakshman D. Guruswamy
Director, National Energy Law and Policy Institute
Professor of Law, University of Tulsa
College of Law
Tulsa, Oklahoma 74104, U.S.A.
Tel: 1-918-631-2431; Fax: 1-918-631-3556
e-mail: law_ldg at vax1.utulsa.edu

The Local Organizing Committee

Elizabeth Baker
Hans Bohnert (Co-Director)
David Galbraith
Conrad Istock
Mari Jensen
Rita Manak
Juanita Simpson
Robert Robichaux
Edella Schlager
Barbara Timmermann

Please Address All Correspondence to:

Biodiversity Conference
The University of Arizona
Biosciences West 516
Tucson, Arizona 85721 U.S.A.
Tel: 1-602-621-7961; Fax: 1-602-621-9288
e-mail: bohnert at biosci.arizona.edu

What Is Biological Diversity?
"Biological diversity refers to the variety and variability among
living organisms and the ecological complexes in which they
occur.  Diversity can be defines as the number of different items
and their relative frequency.  For biological diversity, these
items are organized at many levels, ranging from complete
ecosystems to the chemical structures that are the molecular
basis of heredity.  Thus, the term encompasses different
ecosystems, species, genes, and their relative abundance."

Biodiversity diversity possesses intrinsic value, in addition to
supporting human life which depends on the Earth's biological
resources.  Our material well-being and prosperity depend on
biological diversity, the ultimate source of much of our food,
shelter, clothing, and medicine.  Moreover, the protection of
biological diversity addresses the continuation of our cultural,
psychological, and spiritual health.


The goal of the Conference on Biological Diversity is to explore,
within an interdisciplinary framework, available national,
transnational, and international options for solving the critical
global problems arising from the loss of biological diversity.
The conference will probe the following areas:  What is
biological diversity?  Is the loss of biological diversity a
problem?  What scientific measures can be employed to stem the
loss?  What socio-political measures can be enacted to manage the
loss?  Will property rights protect biological diversity?
Particular emphasis will be given to the nature and extent of the
interface between intellectual property rights and biological


In papers submitted in advance of the conference, keynote
speakers will provide an overview of major issues and
controversies falling within their designated subject area.
These areas will be covered in greater depth in parallel
discussion sessions.  Invited discussants will raise additional
issues, offer different viewpoints, and guide the discussions.
Conference registrants are encouraged to indicate if they are
willing to make a contribution at the breakout discussion



Scientists from a variety of disciplines have suggested ways to
respond to the loss of genetic and biological diversity.  The
conference will explore some of these possible responses,
including cataloguing, biotechnology, and changing land-use


The gene-rich centers of biodiversity such as rainforests, coral
reefs, and wetlands are frequently located in tropical regions.
The countries in these regions are often economically depressed,
and as a result, may have few resources or incentives to preserve
their biota.  Historically, international economic markets have
provided disincentives for preservation.  What are the


Property rights are inextricably woven into the current discourse
on the protection of biodiversity.  The conference will seek to
clarify relevant issues on the nature of ownership and patent


Thursday, March 24, 1994
3:00-9:00 p.m.           Registration at the Westward Look Resort
                         (continued on Friday morning)

Friday, March 25, 1994
10:30-11:30 a.m.         Invited Plenary address

11:30-1:00 p.m.          Lunch

1:30-2:30 p.m.           Keynote Speaker-Session 1
                         Biological Diversity:A Scientific
                         Peter Raven*, Director,
                         Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis,

2:30-3:00 p.m.           Break

3:00-6:45 p.m.           Concurrent Discussion Sessions

A.   How Serious is the Loss of Biodiversity:
B.   What are the Scientific Measures Capable of Reducing or
     Alleviating the Loss of  Biodiversity?

3:00-3:45 p.m. A.   Loss Estimates are Vastly Exaggerated-Policy
                    Should Not be Based on Such Exaggeration.

               B.   Can Science Help Identify Where to Put
                    Limited Financial Resources?
                    Francesca Grifo*, Program Director
                    International Cooperative Biodiversity Group
                    Fogarty International Center, National
                    Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland

3:45-4:00 p.m.           Break

4:00-4:45      A.   Loss Estimates are Not Exaggerated-Loss of
                    Species of this Magnitude is and Will
                    Continue to be a Problem

               B.   Can Genetic Engineering of Plants and Animals
                    Counteract the Loss of Biodiversity?
                    Robert Fraley*, Director, Biotechnology
                    Research Unit Monsanto Corporation, St.
                    Louis, Missouri

4:45-5:00                Break

5:00-5:45      A.   Loss Estimates May be Exaggerated-at Least in
                    Certain Circumstances
                    Ariel E. Lugo*, Institute of Tropical
                    Forestry, U.S. Forest Service, Puerto Rico

               B.   How Can Land Use Practices Facilitate the
                    Maintenance of Biological Diversity?  What is
                    the Role of Ecological Restoration?
                    Laura Jackson*, Professor, Department of
                    Biology, University of Northern Iowa, Cedar
                    Falls, Iowa

5:45-6:00                Break

6:00-6:45      A.   Loss of Biological Diversity has Ethical
                    Bryan Norton*, Professor, School of Public
                    Policy, Georgia Institute of Technology,
                    Atlanta, Georgia

               B.   A Summary of Scientific Measures
                    Robert Watson*, Associate Director,
                    Office of Science and Technology Policy
                    The White House, Washington, D.C.

7:00-8:30 p.m.           Dinner
                         Reception sponsored by the University of

Saturday, March 26, 1994

7:30-8:45 a.m.           Breakfast

9:00-10:00 a.m.          Keynote Speaker-Session 2
                         Reversing the Loss of Biodiversity:
                         Socio-political Measures and
                         Jeffrey McNeely, *Chief Biodiversity
                         Officer, IUCN, Geneva, Switzerland

10:00-10:15                   Break

10:15-3:45 p.m.     Concurrent Discussion Sessions

10:15-11:00    A.   International Measures

                    An Overview of International Measures
                    Walter V. Reid*, Vice President for Program
                    World Resources Institute, Washington, D.C.

               B.   Transnational & National Initiatives

                    Debt-for-Nature Arrangements
                    Elver Umana, Former Vice-Minister for
                    Natural Resources, Currently at INCAO,
                    Costa Rica

11:15-Noon     A.   The Need for International Obligations
                    Governing Biodiversity:  The Biodiversity
                    Lakshman Guruswamy*, Director
                    National Energy Law & Policy Institute
                    University of Tulsa, Oklahoma

               B.   Development Organizations and Biodiversity

12:00-2:00 p.m.               Lunch

2:00-2:45 p.m. A.   Rights of Indigenous People & Biodiversity
                    Jim Anaya*, Professor of Law
                    University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa

               B.   Private Enterprise and Biodiversity
                    Ana Sittenfeld*, Director of Biodiversity
                    Prospecting, INBIO, Santo Domingo, Costa Rica

2:45-3:00 p.m.           Break

3:00-3:45 p.m. A.   Development and Biodiversity
                    Graciela Chichilinsky*
                    Department of Economics, Stanford University
                    Stanford, California

               B.   Local and National Initiatives
                    Elinor Ostrom*, Arthur F. Bentley Professor
                    of Political Science, Department of Political
                    Science, Indiana University, Bloomington,

3:45-4:00 p.m.           Break

4:00-5:00 p.m.      Keynote Speaker-Session 3
                    Property Rights, Public Goods, & the Earth's
                    Biological Resources
                    Christopher Stone*, Ray P. Crocker Professor
                    of Law, Law Center, University of Southern
                    California, Los Angeles, California

5:15-6:45 p.m.           Discussion Session
                    Commercial Exploitation of Biodiversity
                    Jeff Kushan*, Legislative & International
                    Intellectual Property Specialist
                    Patent and Trademark Office
                    U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C.

                    Property Rights and Patents in Different
                    Countries - How to Share the Benefits?
                    David Downes*
                    Center for International Environmental Law
                    (CIEL), Washington, D.C.

7:15-9:00 p.m.           Dinner

Sunday, March 27, 1994

7:00-8:15 a.m.           Breakfast

8:30-Noon                Concurrent Discussion Sessions

               A    Is there a Right to Exploit Biodiversity for
                    Commercial Purposes?

               B.   How Should Intellectual Property Rights Be
                    Created, Distributed, and Exercised?

               C.   Existing Models/Mechanisms for Implementing
                    Property Rights.

8:30-9:15      A.   A Philosophical View
                    Mark Sagoff*, Director
                    The Institute for Philosophy and Public
                    Policy, University of Maryland, College Park,

               B.   The Commercialization of Indigenous Genetic
                    Resources:  Values, Institutions, and
                    R. David Simpson*, Roger A. Sedjo*, and John
                    W. Reid*, Resources for the Future,
                    Washington, D.C.

               C.   Countries and Companies
                    Pamela Demain*, Senior Director of Corporate
                    Licensing, Merck & Company, Whitehouse
                    Station, New Jersey

9:15-9:30 a.m.           Break

9:30-10:15     A.   Legal Aspects
                    Yvonne Cripps*
                    Lecturer in Law and Fellow of Emmanuel
                    College, Cambridge University, Cambridge,

               B.   Maintaining Incentives for Research and
                    Gary Toennisson*, Director
                    International Rice Research Project
                    The Rockefeller Foundation, New York

               C.   Non-governmental Organizations:  Compensating
                    Local Communities for Conserving Biodiversity
                    Anil Gupta*, Chair
                    Center for Educational Innovation
                    Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad
                    Gujurat, India

10:15-Open               Conference Summary


* Indicates confirmed speakers

                             REGISTRATION FORM

               To register, please mail by February 15, 1994

To:                                Phone:  U.S. 1-602-621-7961
     Biodiversity Conference
     The University of Arizona     Fax:  U.S. 1-602-621-9288
     Biosciences West 516
     Tucson, Arizona 85721 U.S.A.

     E-mail:bohnert at biosci.arizona.edu

(Please print clearly or type information; please indicate your
choices below)

____ I am registering for the conference. (U.S. $_____ for _____

____ I would like to participate in Discussion Sessions on the
     following topic(s):


Full Name:    _________________________________
              (please put your name as you would like it to appear on
               your badge)

       Title: _________

Organization: _________________________________

Address:      _________________________________

Phone: ______________

Fax:   ______________



Method of Payment:

(U.S. $ only; please check one of the spaces below):

___       Check (please make payable to Biodiversity Conference,
___       University of Arizona)
___       Visa/Mastercard (Circle One)

     Card Number __________________   Expiration Date ____
     Signature  ___________________

___       International Money Order

Registration Fee

The conference fee is $250 per person (prior to March 1), thereafter $350.
The conference fee for participants from corporations is $950 (part of
which will be used to waive fees for qualifying participants from outside
the U.S.).  This fee includes all conference sessions, the reception,
conference dinners on Friday and Saturday, two continental breakfasts, and
three lunches.  For those attending from the University of Arizona, a
special fee of $50 is offered, but this does not cover the reception and


Attendance at the conference will be governed by registration on
a "first-come, first-served" basis.  About 200 invited national
and international policy-makers, biological and social
scientists, lawyers, ad representatives from industry and non-
governmental organizations will participate.


The conference will take place at the Westward Look Resort,
located on the northwest side of Tucson in the Santa Catalina
foothills, with spectacular views of the city and the mountains
of the Coronado National Forest.  The Westward Look is spread
over 80 acres of beautifully landscaped grounds and offers all
the amenities of a modern resort as well as the ambiance of the
southwest.  Please call the hotel direct at 1-800-722-2500 or 1-
602-297-1151 (fax: 1-602-742-1573) to register for your room.
Ask for the "Biodiversity Conference" rate.  Wheelchair access to
the conference is provided.


Tucson International Airport is served by several airlines with
service from major cities, including New York, Chicago, Denver,
Dallas, Los Angeles, and Phoenix.  Taxis or the 24-hour-Arizona
Stagecoach shuttle service (1-602-881-4111) can take you from
Tucson International Airport to the hotel.  You may wish to pick
up a rental car at the airport.  Call for advance reservations
with any national car rental company.

The proceedings of this conference will be published either as a
book or as a separate volume in a scholarly journal.


Tucson is a beautiful city and winter resort due to its temperate
climate, mountainous surroundings, and the rich cultural heritage
of the American Southwest.  In the balmy days of March, one might
visit the forests of giant cactus at the Saguaro National
Monument, explore the water-filled desert oasis at Sabino Canyon
in the Coronado National Forest, or travel from Tucson's valley
floor (2,500 ft.) to the pine forest of Mt. Lemmon (9,000 ft.).
For those interested in the natural world, Tucson is home to the
internationally renowned "living" museum, the Arizona-Sonora
Desert Museum, described by The New York Times as "the most
distinctive zoo in the United States."  For cultural attractions,
Tucson spans the centuries.  Native American reservations adjoin
the city.  From the Spanish Colonial era comes the San Xavier
Mission, an outstanding example of Spanish-American architecture.
Tucson is also a center for contemporary art, with a burgeoning
downtown arts district and symphony, theater, ballet, and opera
companies.  Tucson offers the visitor a wide variety of
activities, and the conference will take place during the spring
season when the city comes most alive and the surrounding desert
is at its most beautiful.

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