Philippe Blancou pblancou at ens-lyon.fr
Thu Oct 3 03:45:36 EST 1996

The origin of organic substances and the resulting development 
of life are one of the most difficult questions to elucidate 
and the most discussed on a scientific level.The production of
 these substances, from water with carbon dioxide and nitrogen, 
is, in fact, an endo-energetic phenomonen: the reduction of 
these gases, which were part of the primitive atmosphere of our
 planet, require a large supply of energy at vital temperatures,
 i.e. below 100 celsius degrees.From where did this energy arise,
 and how did it act? According to Miller's theory, the most 
commonly accepted, this energy was supplied by electrical discharges 
(and ozonisation?). It was possible to partially reproduce this
 phenomonen in the laboratory. However, the origin of these 
discharges remains purely hypothetical ...In our opinion, a more
 plausible explanation could exist: the release of the necessary
 energy is simply due to the evaporation of water from the earth's
 surface. Laboratory experiments that support this theory were 
submitted to the Paris Academy of Sciences in November 1987 (stamped 
envelope No. 16705), but have not yet been published.The main points 
are as follows:

1.	An aqueous solution of magnesium chloride (MgCl2) and of
 sodium nitrite (NaNO2), spread out under a bell with the air 
replaced by carbon dioxide (CO2), produces a mixture of acetic 
acid and oxalic acid at 25 degrees. This phenomenon only occurs
 if the CO2 is in the gaseous phase, and if its yield is the 
direct function of the contact surface of this gaseous phase 
with the tray on which the MgCl2 is placed. The yield is also
 favoured by connecting the tray to the negative pole of a 9-volt
 electric battery.

2.	The formation of acetic acid (but not oxalic acid) can 
still be observed if the MgCl2 is replaced by potassium or sodium
bicarbonate. There is thus a simultaneous production of 
polyalcohols in C6 and of gums. These compound substances can be
 produced in large quantities (25 mg for 100 ml) and serve as a 
medium for the development of living beings, such as Candida-type 
yeasts, whose multiplication can thus be doubled, tripled, or 
even quadrupled, according to the experimental conditions. 
The same phenomenon can be reproduced by replacing the potassium
 and sodium bicarbonate with either potassium or sodium chloride,
 or with diluted sea water, which contains these two salts naturally.

3.	Thermotrophic micro-organisms, capable of directly using
 the energy supplied by the evaporation of water, could thus exist:
bacteria can, in fact, develop in the dark on the surface of strips,
 in an environment deprived of nitrogen or of all salts whose oxidation
 could supply energy (P. Beraud, Arch. Soc. Biol., Montevideo, 
1960, 25; 86-89).
In conclusion, all the phenomena described above, which lead to the
 formation of organic substances indispensable for life, seem to be
 linked to the evaporation of water. They are only produced at the
 interface CO2/aqueous salt solution. They are no doubt accompanied
 by the production of electrons that favour the reduction phenomenon,
 and that explain the catalyst effect of a negative electric current.

Pierre Beraud Agricultural Engineer

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