>So what does the data say? Sometimes the RRT gives a positive result,
>but just as often it doesn't. For the clock to exist it should always
>give positive result. The clock doesn't exist.
Sorry to be pedantic but, actually a positive RRT rejects the clock.
Secondly, you are being extremely naive in your understanding of current
theory on the subject. Certainly the phrase 'clock' promotes
by suggesting a universal non-stochastic process i.e. clock-like. There
many reasons why we might expect departures from a constant rate model of
molecular evolution particularly between divergent groups of animals, and
in genes under selective pressures. Even under neutral theories of
evolution, we would expect differences in rate (generation time, etc.).
is all well discussed in the recent literature. The clock is not a
dogma, just an observation that over time, genes tend to accumulate
and if one is careful and rigorous (particulaly in the estimation of
intervals), one can use this observation to obtain estimates of times of
divergence of homologous genes.
Andrew Rambaut, EMAIL - Andrew.Rambaut at zoology.ox.ac.uk
Zoology Department, WWW - http://evolve.zoo.ox.ac.uk/
University of Oxford, TEL - +44 1865 271272
South Parks Road, Oxford, UK FAX - +44 1865 271249