[Neuroscience] Who invented the classical Basal Ganglia Model?

Bill connelly.bill at gmail.com
Mon Oct 2 03:44:38 EST 2006

Who invented the classical Basal Ganglia Model? You know, the simple,
direct-indirect loop model.

I can find an "almost" version in:
Alexander, GE, DeLong, MR, Strick, PL (1986) Parallel organization of
functionally segregated circuits linking basal ganglia and cortex. Annu
Rev Neurosci 9: 357-81.

And a complete, but "this is already fact, worked out ages ago" report
of it in:
Alexander, GE, Crutcher, MD (1990) Functional architecture of basal
ganglia circuits: neural substrates of parallel processing. Trends
Neurosci 13: 266-71.

Does anyone know, inbetween those two papers when it was outlined (or
maybe it was done before then possibley by Delong?).

Any theories would be appriciated.

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